With perspectives from Steven Spielberg, Francis Ford Coppola, Lawrence Kasdan, and other filmmakers.
Directors Frank Capra, John Huston, John Ford, William Wyler and George Stevens…
“All five of them were willing to turn away from a very comfortable life, and serve their country and in the best way they thought they could.“
At 43:33, Director John Ford films the battle on Midway Island; manages to get his uncut footage sent home where, at the last minute, for a Whitehouse showing, he has footage of FDR’s son inserted.
Dogtags image is a live link to Five Came Back:
Preface – Except for a few F4U’s arriving at Henderson Field in late 1942, and a very few P-38’s [whose first combat action was Dec 27th that year] it wasn’t until mid 1943 when F6F Hellcat fighters became operational for the Navy that we finally obtained the upper hand. Prior to that time it was the under-powered and limited ranged F4F Wildcats holding the line against the highly maneuverable “Zekes”, our call sign for the Zero. The USAAF had obsolescent P-40’s and P-39’s; the former, while almost equal to the Zero in speed, did not dare try to dogfight with them. The lesser known P-39, a mid engined fighter with a 37mm cannon firing thru the propeller hub, was of mediocre performance, and was also easy prey.
Performance of these planes deteriorated at higher altitudes and they had a poor rate of climb. Their brave pilots employed hit and run tactics, using speed and firepower to get away, or become the Zero’s victims.
From Wikipedia; I kept only essential links:
The Mitsubishi A6M “Zero” is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945. The A6M was designated as the Mitsubishi Navy Type 0 carrier fighter (零式艦上戦闘機 rei-shiki-kanjō-sentōki), or the Mitsubishi A6M Rei-sen. The A6M was usually referred to by its pilots as the “Reisen” (zero fighter), “0” being the last digit of the imperial year 2600 (1940) when it entered service with the Imperial Navy. The official Allied reporting name was “Zeke“, although the use of the name “Zero” was later adopted by the Allies as well.
The Zero was considered the most capable carrier-based fighter in the world when it was introduced early in World War II, combining excellent maneuverability and very long range. The Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (IJNAS) also frequently used it as a land-based fighter.
In early combat operations, the Zero gained a legendary reputation as a dogfighter, achieving an outstanding kill ratio of 12 to 1, but by mid-1942 a combination of new tactics and the introduction of better equipment enabled Allied pilots to engage the Zero on generally equal terms. By 1943, the Zero became less effective against newer Allied fighters because of inherent design weaknesses and the failure to develop more powerful aircraft engines. The Allied fighters gained greater firepower, armor, and speed, and approached the Zero’s maneuverability, and the Mitsubishi A6M was outdated by 1944. However, the Zero continued to serve in a front line role until the end of the war because design delays, and production difficulties, hampered the introduction of newer Japanese aircraft. The Zero was also adapted for use in kamikaze operations during the final year of the war in the Pacific. Japan produced more Zeros than any other model of combat aircraft during the course of the war.
By Unknown – Japanese Naval Aces and Fighter Units of WWII, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4445990
2-15-1942 “the unthinkable did happen”. General Percival surrendered Singapore to the Japanese. This documentary is the horrific reality, not the reprehensible Hollywood fantasy called The Bridge On The River Kwai. Over 100,000 troops died building this monster. Winston Churchill described it as “The worst moment of the war”. Image at left is link to Wikipedia.
The Germans diabolical design of “labor” camps, literal assembly lines of death, killed thousands of people per day; but the Japanese made up for this with sheer inhuman brutality. The China Burma India [ CBI ] theater was a slow, grueling struggle. The Japanese weren’t driven out of Burma until months before Japan finally surrendered in 1945.
This is the definitive history, development and use of DeHaviland’s “wooden wonder”. The Mosquito was also known affectionately as the “Mossie” to its crews. It was in fact, the first multi role fighter, though it was first used as a high speed photo-reconnaissance aircraft.
The mystery to me is why the U.S. didn’t get a license to produce these en mass, and use them instead of the B-17’s. The Mosquito had all the requirements needed; speed, maneuverability, bomb capacity (4,000 lbs) and range. Only on short missions could the B-17 carry more bombs, a typical mission against targets in Germany was 4,000 lbs.
Never forget; these are a few of the individuals interviewed -Tregaskis had long before deceased- in the documentary WW II in HD. (note -there are two similarly named documentaries) This is the one with Jack Werner who changed his name from Hans Werner, when he emigrated to the U.S. in 1939 escaping certain death at the hands of the Third Reich.
Jack Werner 1917 – 2011 Father of Warner Bros. Domestic Television Distribution president Ken Werner.
Obituary < source link
Jack Werner (93) died July 17th after a long ,lucky and well lived life. Born In Vienna, Jack escaped the Nazi takeover of Austria by walking over the Alps into Switzerland arriving in New York in May 1939.
Jack enlisted in the Army in January 1941. He participated in four major campaigns in the Pacific Theatre, was discharged from the army on VJ Day 1945 and awarded four battle stars, a Purple Heart and a Presidential Unit Citation.
Obituary < source link, dated February 22, 2011
Shrewsbury – Roscoe C. “Rockie” Blunt Jr., 85, an award-winning police reporter and renowned author, died Thursday Feb. 10, 2011, in UMass Memorial Medical Center after an illness. A native of Worcester, he had lived in Shrewsbury since 1948.
Mr. Blunt was a World War II Army veteran and a survivor of the Belgian Ardennes Forest “Battle of the Bulge” Campaign and was awarded three battle stars, a Bronze Star and a Purple Heart. During the war, he was a mine and booby trap technician with the 84th “Railsplitter” Infantry Division in France, Holland, Belgium and Germany. Before his overseas duty, he was the youngest GI in the country to be awarded the Expert Infantry Badge.
Pardoned After 55 Years, Court-Martial Still Rankles <source link, dated March 04, 2001
Shelby Westbrook From Wikipedia
First Lieutenant Shelby F. Westbrook was a Tuskegee Airman active during World War II. Born: Jan 15, 1922, Marked Tree, Arkansas. Died: Aug 17, 2016, Chicago, Illinois Allegiance: American Service/branch: Air Force. Years of service: 4 years active, 6 years reserve Rank: First Lieutenant Unit: 99th Fighter Squadron of the 332nd Fighter Group
Awards: Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal with 5 Clusters, Presidential Unit Citation, 15th Air Force Certificate of Valor, 5 Battle Stars, Congressional Medal, French Legion of Honor
Related – WW II in HD
End credits reveal this documentary was released in 1991; it’s gratifying, but with a sense of sadness, noting that these men almost certainly have all passed on. Included is a walk around an existing P-38, which finally explains the intakes on the P-38’s tail booms behind their engines, as well as other little known facts in its development. The aircraft performed a multitude of tasks in both the Pacific, and European theaters.
This is titled Part II; couldn’t locate Part I: